International Academic Journal of Social Sciences

  • ISSN 2454-3918

Spivakian Study of Strategic Essentialism in the Autumn of the Patriarch and Waiting for the Barbarians in Post-colonial Literature

Mohammad Motamedi, Abdolbaqi Rezaei Talarposhti and Behzad Pourqarib

Abstract: In 1980, an Indian Post-colonial theorist and critic, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak publicized strategic essentialism as a major concept in postcolonial theory. She defined it as a special form of essentialism which involves greater scopes of post-colonial studies such as subaltern, otherness, and strategic essentialism. The present paper shows to what extent Spivakian concepts are recognizable through characters of the Autumn of the Patriarch and Waiting for the Barbarians. The present paper’s discussion is developed in the light of Spivakian concepts of essentialism, specifically strategic essentialism since a few researches with mentioned concept has been done on the Autumn of the Patriarch and Waiting for the Barbarians. By concentrating on the concept, Gabriel Garcia shows Strategic Essentialism through inferiors of the society and Coetzee tried to demonstrate the strategic essentialism and generally the power of essentialism through character of Magistrate. The paper shows the oppression of the imperial system and outcome of essentializing against oppressors. The major conclusion is that if inferiors of the society unite with each other, find their true identity and stand against oppression, then they can get rid of the oppression

Keywords: Spivak, Strategic Essentialism, Postcolonial, Coetzee, Marquez

Page: 206-212

Volume 3, Issue 2, 2016