International Academic Journal of Social Sciences

  • ISSN 2454-3918

Predicting marital satisfaction based on elements of differentiation and inefficient negative reactions in mothers of mentally retarded children

Zeinab Soleimani Kaji

Abstract: Introduction: The birth and presence of mentally retarded children per family can be a challenging and undesirable event. Probably it will pursue stress, frustration, feelings of sadness and desperation. Thus it will affect different aspects of parental marital satisfaction. The aim of this study is predicting marital satisfaction based on elements of differentiation and inefficient negative reactions in mothers of mentally retarded children. Methods: The study considering objective is fundamental and descriptive in terms of data collection and that it was done within the framework of a predicting correlation. The population of this study, is all mothers with mentally retarded children studying in special schools of Abadan in the academic year of 95-96. 90 people were randomly selected from the population. After the elimination of inadequate cases, sample size was reduced to 75 people. Enrich marital satisfaction questionnaire, inefficient reactions and differentiation was used to gather data. Results: Based on the research findings, inefficeint reactions and among the elements of differentiation, I Position were the best predictors of marital satisfaction. Conclusion: The results of the study, believes that early relationships in the family environment leads to high or low levels of differentiation and this early experience can directly affect on couples interpersonal relationships in adulthood.

Keywords: Marital Satisfaction, Differentiation, Inefficient Reactions

Page: 177-186

Volume 4, Issue 1, 2017