International Academic Journal of Social Sciences

  • ISSN 2454-3918

Presentation of Structural Pattern (SEM) of Social Capital Based on Religious Identity and Psychological Capital in Physical Education Students of Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch of Tehran

Jamil Navkhasi, Mahsa Nematzadeh, Sahoo zamani dadaneh,Zahra Shahsavari and Ali baba Zadeh

Abstract: This research explains the structural model (SEM)of social capital based on religious identity and psychological capital. The research method was descriptive correlation. The statistical population consisted of all graduate students in the field of physical education and sport sciences of Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch of Tehran, who were studying during the academic year of -39 39. Due to the limited statistical population, the statistical sample was considered equal to it, then the available sampling method was used. To collect information in this research, library method and field practices were used; for collecting data, social capital questionnaires, Nahpit and Ghasal (8331), Luthanese psychological capital questionnaires (7002) and religious identity of Raufi (7080) with reliability (01289, 012.0 and α=0.889). Also, the formal and content validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by experts. In order to analyze the research hypotheses, the software package of statistical social sciences, version 77 and the software LISREL, version 111 was used (p≥010.). The results of the data analysis showed that: (8) religious identity has a direct and positive effect on social capital, as well as the results of the standard coefficient (β = 0170) showed that religious identity was %70 It explains the changes in social capital. (7) The psychological capital has direct and positive effects on social capital, as well as the results of the standard coefficient (β = 0139), which shows that psychological capital accounts for %39 of social capital changes. (9) Religious identity has a direct and positive effect on psychological capital, as well as the results of the standard coefficient (β = 0112) that show that religious identity accounts for %12 of the changes in psychological capital. (9) The structural pattern of social capital basedon religious identity and psychological capital in physical education students did not fit well. It seems that religious identity and psychological capital as an important factor can lead to a positive attitude toward Future and strengthen the spirit of hope and vitality for a better future, responding to fundamental and profound human questions at the level of life, creating a sense of empathy, solidarity and community.

Keywords: Religious Identity, Psychological Capital, Social Capital, Physical Education Students

Page: 17-25

Volume 4, Issue 2, 2017