International Academic Journal of Innovative Research

  • ISSN 2454-390X

Efficiency of Mulberry, Morus alba (L) as fodder for cattle

Vitthalrao B. Khyade

Abstract: Morus alba (L) known as white mulberry, is a short-lived, fast-growing, small to mediumsized mulberry tree, which grows to 10–20 m tall. On the older trees, the leaves are generally 5–15 cm long, unlobed, cordate at the base and rounded to acuminate at the tip, and serrated on the margins. This species is native to northern China, and is widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (United States, Mexico, Australia, Kyrgyzstan, Argentina, etc.). The white mulberry is widely cultivated to feed the silkworms employed in the commercial production of silk. It is also notable for the rapid release of its pollen, which is launched at over half the speed of sound. The mulberry leaves are highly palatable and digestible (70-90 %) to herbivorous animals and can also be fed to monogastric animals. The protein content in the leaves and young stems, with a good essential amino acid profile, varies from 15 to 28 % depending on the variety. The mineral content is high and no anti-nutritional factors or toxic compounds have been identified. The establishment of this perennial forage is through stakes or seed, and it is harvested by leaf picking or cutting whole branches or stems. The yields depend on variety, location (monthly temperature, solar radiation and rainfall), plant density, fertilizer application and harvesting technique, but in terms of digestible nutrients, mulberry produces more than most traditional forages. The mulberry leaves can be used as supplements replacing concentrates for dairy cattle, as the main feed for goats, sheep and rabbits, and as in ingredient in monogastric animal diets

Keywords: Monogastric; Ruminants; Mulberry; M. alba ; Palatibility

Page: 77-90

DOI: 10.9756/IAJIR/V6I1/1910007

Volume 6, Issue 1, 2019